Home Climate Facts Climate Briefs Alarmist Rebuttals Failed Predictions Historic News Clipings News Reports Russian Money How They Lie to YOU Its OK to Lie! CO2 Facts Warm Periods Lack Of Data Electricity Cost Climate Is Normal Heat/Cold Deaths Wild Fires Green New Deal No Rapid Waring Sun - Real Cause of Climate Alarmist errors C13/C12 Isotope Ratio oregon_climate_plan Tipping Points Climate Predictions IPCC Says Our Best Data 22 Inconvenient Truths Medieval Warm Period Extinctions Propaganda Fossil Fuel subsidies Who's Lying? What is Real Science Peer Review Adjustment Example proxies Climate Papers Debunking Claims NASA Debunk Antarctic Loss Renewables Corals Trillion Dollar Industry Big Money Scaring green money Paid by fossil fuel Warming Stopped Media Lies People are Dying History (politics) Extreme Weather? Its Warming,But Acidification IPCC_Flawed IPCC Prediction Fail IPCC_Disproved IPCC_PeerReview IPCC Scientists IPCC&CLouds WWF Infiltrated the IPCC Harming People misconduct Data Adjustments Major Data Tampering Cooling since 1945? Drought, hurricanes etc. Arctic History Selected Emails Selected Quotes Fraud Of Century? 97 percent of scientists 97% is meaningless 25% of AMS / 50% JonesInterview An OK Prediction Data Sources Record Temperature Energy Facts GridStorage CostlyEnergy Michael Mann Mann's Book Wegman on Mann paper styn_vs_mann Peer Review Error Statistical Errors The Sun Solar OceanHeat Ocean Heat Polar Bears OK AlGore's Errors Ask Questions Climate Models Record Highs Local Food Threats Why I'm a Skeptic GreenhouseMoon Alternative Energy 1350+ realist papers Conflict of Interest? Muzzeled Scientists How To Argue Common Ground Hurricane



Debunking the Climate Scam

Billions of Dollars -  Fudged Data  -  Corrupt Scientists

Greedy Green Corporations - Trillion Dollar Prize

No Warming For Two decades - Illiterate Media

Bought and Paid For Organizations


5000 Years Of Climate Change From Greenland Ice Cores

A Forested Southern Greenland!


Ancient Biomolecules from Deep Ice Cores Reveal a Forested Southern Greenland

All of the below is cut & pasted from:

et al. Eske Willerslev,

Science 6 July 2007: Vol. 317. no. 5834, pp. 111 - 114, DOI: 10.1126/science.1141758

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/sci;317/5834/111


We show that high-altitude southern Greenland, currently lying below more than 2 kilometers of ice, was inhabited by a diverse array of conifer trees and insects within the past million years. The results provide direct evidence in support of a forested southern Greenland. . .








The plant taxa suggest that this period had average July temperatures that exceeded 10°C and winter temperatures not colder than –17°C, which are the limits for northern boreal forest and Taxus, respectively (1). Allowing  for full recovery of the isostatic depression that is produced by 2 km of ice, Dye 3 would have been ~1 km above sea level. In combination, these factors suggest that a high-altitude boreal forest at Dye 3 may date back to a period considerably warmer than present.


The taxa identified include trees such as alder (Alnus), spruce (Picea), pine (Pinus), and members of the yew family (Taxaceae) (Table 1).  Their presence indicates a northern boreal forest ecosystem rather than today’s Arctic environment. The other groups identified, including Asteraceae, Fabaceae, and Poaceae, are mainly herbaceous plants and are represented by many species found in northern regions at present (Table 1).  The presence of these herb-dominated families suggests an open forest where heliophytes thrived.



The core from Dye 3, located almost exactly 2000 km to the southwest of the Kap København Formation (Fig. 1A), therefore, provides direct evidence of a forested southerncentral Greenland. The invertebrate sequences obtained from the Dye 3 silty ice are related to beetles (Coleoptera), flies (Diptera), spiders (Arachnida), brushfoots (Nymphalidae), and other butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera) (taxonomic identification probability support between 50 and 99%).

Image:  http://msnbcmedia1.msn.com/j/msnbc/Components/Photos/070705/070705_picture_scenic_v med_1p.widec.jpg

Story:  http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/19619301/